🌊 Argparse Nargs

Argparse ile çoklu argüman (list) ekleme

🔰 Nargs Genel Kullanımı

nargs='<operatör>+' şeklinde kullanılır

Operatör

Açıklama

+

1 or more

*

0 or more

?

0 or 1

🌊 Argparse ile nargs Detayları

Kaynak için Argparse option for passing a list as option alanına bakabilirsin

import argparse
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
# By default it will fail with multiple arguments.
parser.add_argument('--default')
# Telling the type to be a list will also fail for multiple arguments,
# but give incorrect results for a single argument.
parser.add_argument('--list-type', type=list)
# This will allow you to provide multiple arguments, but you will get
# a list of lists which is not desired.
parser.add_argument('--list-type-nargs', type=list, nargs='+')
# This is the correct way to handle accepting multiple arguments.
# '+' == 1 or more.
# '*' == 0 or more.
# '?' == 0 or 1.
# An int is an explicit number of arguments to accept.
parser.add_argument('--nargs', nargs='+')
# To make the input integers
parser.add_argument('--nargs-int-type', nargs='+', type=int)
# An alternate way to accept multiple inputs, but you must
# provide the flag once per input. Of course, you can use
# type=int here if you want.
parser.add_argument('--append-action', action='append')
# To show the results of the given option to screen.
for _, value in parser.parse_args()._get_kwargs():
if value is not None:
print(value)
$ python arg.py --default 1234 2345 3456 4567
...
arg.py: error: unrecognized arguments: 2345 3456 4567
$ python arg.py --list-type 1234 2345 3456 4567
...
arg.py: error: unrecognized arguments: 2345 3456 4567
$ # Quotes won't help here...
$ python arg.py --list-type "1234 2345 3456 4567"
['1', '2', '3', '4', ' ', '2', '3', '4', '5', ' ', '3', '4', '5', '6', ' ', '4', '5', '6', '7']
$ python arg.py --list-type-nargs 1234 2345 3456 4567
[['1', '2', '3', '4'], ['2', '3', '4', '5'], ['3', '4', '5', '6'], ['4', '5', '6', '7']]
$ python arg.py --nargs 1234 2345 3456 4567
['1234', '2345', '3456', '4567']
$ python arg.py --nargs-int-type 1234 2345 3456 4567
[1234, 2345, 3456, 4567]
$ # Negative numbers are handled perfectly fine out of the box.
$ python arg.py --nargs-int-type -1234 2345 -3456 4567
[-1234, 2345, -3456, 4567]
$ python arg.py --append-action 1234 --append-action 2345 --append-action 3456 --append-action 4567
['1234', '2345', '3456', '4567']